Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
122,240
1.33% 1-year growth
US Senator
Patty Murray
Democratic Party
US Senator
Maria Cantwell
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
36.9
1.07% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
11.4%
1.85% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$81,108
9.22% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$346,700
19.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
54,188
1.59% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA had a population of 122k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $81,108. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA grew from 120,640 to 122,240, a 1.33% increase and its median household income grew from $74,263 to $81,108, a 9.22% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are White (Non-Hispanic) (66.3%), Other (Hispanic) (9.2%), White (Hispanic) (8.89%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.85%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.39%).

23.6% of the households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.6% of the residents in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are Paul Mitchell the School-Richland (176 degrees awarded in 2022), Victoria's Academy of Cosmetology (66 degrees), and Pacific Northwest Christian College (11 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was $346,700, and the homeownership rate was 67%.

Most people in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA is home to a population of 122k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 12.9% of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA residents were born outside of the country (15.7k people).

In 2022, there were 7.21 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (81k people) in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.2k Other (Hispanic) and 10.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are Spanish (20,339 households), Arabic (794 households), and Vietnamese (577 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
61,184
Women
50%
61,190
Men
50%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 122,374 inhabitants, with 50% men, and 50% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

92.6%
2022 Citizenship
92.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 92.6% of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was 92.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    81k ± 1.59k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    11.2k ± 1.32k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    10.9k ± 1.33k
24.5%
Hispanic Population
29.9k people

In 2022, there were 7.21 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (81k people) in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.2k Other (Hispanic) and 10.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

24.5% of the people in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are hispanic (29.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    7,101 ± 2,008 people
  2. India
    901 ± 734 people
  3. Cuba
    581 ± 590 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was Mexico, the natal country of 7,101 Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA residents, followed by India with 901 and Cuba with 581.

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Foreign-Born Population

12.9%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
15.7k people
12.4%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
14.9k people

As of 2022, 12.9% of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA residents (15.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was 12.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    20,339 households (17.8%)
  2. Arabic
    794 households (0.694%)
  3. Vietnamese
    577 households (0.504%)

23.6% of the households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was Spanish. 17.8% of the households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,349 ± 369
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,453 ± 410
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,108 ± 245

Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA employs 54.2k people. The largest industries in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are Construction (5,471 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,056 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,609 people), and the highest paying industries are Nondepository credit & related activities ($228,030), Investigation & security services ($154,028), and Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($132,419).

Males in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,118. The income inequality in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.449, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
23,169
Women
44.9%
28,488
Men
55.1%

The workforce of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA in 2020 was 51,657 people, with 44.9% woman, and 55.1% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

54.2k
2022 Value
1.59%
1 Year growth
± 1.59%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA grew at a rate of 1.59%, from 53.3k employees to 54.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA, are Elementary & middle school teachers (1,610 people), Other managers (1,608 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,547 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Washington (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

54.2k
2022 Value
1.59%
1 Year growth
± 1.59%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA grew at a rate of 1.59%, from 53.3k employees to 54.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA, are Construction (5,471 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,056 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,609 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA, though some of these residents may live in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$58,667
Median earning men ± $2,801
$38,551
Median earning women ± $2,469

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($103,563), Public Administration ($85,066), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($81,500).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($57,994), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($57,188), and Information ($56,628).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Y-Axis
3.62%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.58M people employed in Washington. This represents a 3.62% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.3%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Washington.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Washington went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 58% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (38.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.97%).

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing the state of Washington. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Washington

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Patty Murray
Senator from Washington3
Assumed office on January 3, 1993
Maria Cantwell
Senator from Washington1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing Washington.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Washington over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Washington

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Washington have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA awarded 253 degrees. The student population of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 42 male students and 262 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are Hispanic or Latino (95 and 37.8%), followed by White (80 and 31.9%), Two or More Races (41 and 16.3%), and Unknown (21 and 8.37%).

The largest universities in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA by number of degrees awarded are Paul Mitchell the School-Richland (176 and 69.6%), Victoria's Academy of Cosmetology (66 and 26.1%), and Pacific Northwest Christian College (11 and 4.35%).

The most popular majors in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA are General Cosmetology (117 and 46.2%), Aesthetician & Skin Care Specialist (44 and 17.4%), and Barbering (31 and 12.3%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 304 students enrolled in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA, 13.8% men and 86.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 129 records, of which 77.5% were women and 22.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 19 degrees awarded
  2. 117 degrees awarded
  3. 31 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was Master Aesthetician with 19 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 176 degrees awarded
  2. 66 degrees awarded
  3. 11 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Paul Mitchell the School-Richland with 176 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 43 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA, which is 0.205 times less than the 210 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 95 degrees mean that there were 1.19 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 80 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Private not-for-profit, 2-year ($11,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 2-year ($175) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 2-year ($375) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.753% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.34% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (24.5k), Some college (21.3k), and Bachelors Degree (16.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was $346,700 in 2022, which is 1.23 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $290,400 to $346,700, a 19.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA is 67%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA is $81,108. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was King County (Central)--Sammamish, Issaquah, Mercer Island & Newcastle Cities PUMA, WA with a value of $181,744, followed by King County (Northeast)--Snoqualmie City, Cottage Lake, Union Hill & Novelty Hill PUMA, WA and King County (Northwest Central)--Greater Bellevue City PUMA, WA, with respective values of $164,720 and $151,065.

Property

$346,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,280
$30,186
Median Property Taxes
±$1,347

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67%
Homeownership
2022
68.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 67% of the housing units in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was King County (Central)--Sammamish, Issaquah, Mercer Island & Newcastle Cities PUMA, WA with a value of $181,744, followed by King County (Northeast)--Snoqualmie City, Cottage Lake, Union Hill & Novelty Hill PUMA, WA and King County (Northwest Central)--Greater Bellevue City PUMA, WA, with respective values of $164,720 and $151,065.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$81,108
Median Household Income
± $2,983
45.1k
Number of Households
± 1,810

In 2022, the median household income of the 45.1k households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA grew to $81,108 from the previous year's value of $74,263.

The following chart displays the households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.449
2022 Wage GINI in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA

In 2022, the income inequality in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was 0.449 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0632% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78%)
  2. Carpooled (10.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (9.51%)

In 2022, 78% of workers in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.3%) and those who worked at home (9.51%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.52% of the workforce in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA (13.8k out of 121k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.7% of the population of Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA has health coverage, with 47.4% on employee plans, 19.5% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.02% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Washington see 1176 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.676% decrease from the previous year (1184 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1196 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 229 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
1,176 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Washington

Primary care physicians in Washington see an average of 1,176 patients per year. This represents a 0.676% decrease from the previous year (1,184 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.5% under 18 years, 20.6% between 18 and 34 years, 36.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.33%
Uninsured
47.4%
Employer Coverage
19.5%
Medicaid
12.2%
Medicare
11.5%
Non-Group
1.02%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA grew by 8.16% from 7.7% to 8.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Benton County (East Central)--Kennewick & Richland (South) Cities PUMA, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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