Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
122,094
0.172% 1-year decline
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
35.7
0.281% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
21.4%
1.94% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$51,402
16.6% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$192,700
18.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
54,847
0.596% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN had a population of 122k people with a median age of 35.7 and a median household income of $51,402. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN declined from 122,304 to 122,094, a −0.172% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,071 to $51,402, a 16.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (50%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (32.8%), White (Hispanic) (4.08%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.7%), and Other (Hispanic) (3.53%).

12.8% of the households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.7% of the residents in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (221740) (2,551 degrees awarded in 2022), Academy of Allied Health Careers (249 degrees), and Miller-Motte College-Chattanooga (216 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was $192,700, and the homeownership rate was 48.6%.

Most people in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN is home to a population of 122k people, from which 93.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 8.58% of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN residents were born outside of the country (10.5k people).

In 2022, there were 1.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (61.1k people) in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.98k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are Spanish (10,757 households), Arabic (633 households), and Serbo-Croatian (483 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
62,828
Women
51.5%
59,278
Men
48.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 122,106 inhabitants, with 48.5% men, and 51.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

93.7%
2022 Citizenship
93.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.7% of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was 93.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    61.1k ± 1.68k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    40k ± 1.87k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    4.98k ± 898
11.3%
Hispanic Population
13.8k people

In 2022, there were 1.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (61.1k people) in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.98k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.3% of the people in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are hispanic (13.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Guatemala
    3,225 ± 1,376 people
  2. Mexico
    2,349 ± 1,178 people
  3. India
    572 ± 586 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was Guatemala, the natal country of 3,225 Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN residents, followed by Mexico with 2,349 and India with 572.

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Foreign-Born Population

8.58%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
10.5k people
8.31%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
10.2k people

As of 2022, 8.58% of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN residents (10.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was 8.31%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    10,757 households (9.42%)
  2. Arabic
    633 households (0.555%)
  3. Serbo-Croatian
    483 households (0.423%)

12.8% of the households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was Spanish. 9.42% of the households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,349 ± 413
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    725 ± 197
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    702 ± 216

Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN employs 54.8k people. The largest industries in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are Restaurants & Food Services (4,645 people), Construction (3,483 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,800 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of companies & enterprises ($228,139), Air transportation ($140,259), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($134,473).

Males in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,601. The income inequality in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
25,903
Women
48%
28,109
Men
52%

The workforce of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN in 2020 was 54,012 people, with 48% woman, and 52% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN.

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Occupations

54.8k
2022 Value
0.596%
1 Year growth
± 0.596%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN grew at a rate of 0.596%, from 54.5k employees to 54.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN, are Customer service representatives (1,474 people), Registered nurses (1,364 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,347 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

54.8k
2022 Value
0.596%
1 Year growth
± 0.596%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN grew at a rate of 0.596%, from 54.5k employees to 54.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,645 people), Construction (3,483 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,800 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN, though some of these residents may live in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$41,023
Median earning men ± $1,444
$33,447
Median earning women ± $1,382

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,000), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,954), and Information ($48,697).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($53,929), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,797), and Public Administration ($45,901).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Y-Axis
2.94%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.87M people employed in Georgia. This represents a 2.94% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Georgia.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 60.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.978%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN awarded 3,089 degrees. The student population of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 5,299 male students and 8,919 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are White (2,224 and 73.1%), followed by Black or African American (359 and 11.8%), Hispanic or Latino (165 and 5.42%), and Two or More Races (108 and 3.55%).

The largest universities in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (221740) (2,551 and 82.6%), Academy of Allied Health Careers (249 and 8.06%), and Miller-Motte College-Chattanooga (216 and 6.99%).

The most popular majors in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN are General Business Administration & Management (287 and 9.29%), Kinesiology & Exercise Science (212 and 6.86%), and General Psychology (211 and 6.83%).

The median tuition cost in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN for a public four year colleges is $7,992 for in-state students and $24,110 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 82.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 32.6%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 14,218 (37.3% men and 62.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 14,218 students enrolled in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN, 37.3% men and 62.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 9,527 records, of which 59.9% were women and 40.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 212 degrees awarded
  2. 188 degrees awarded
  3. 186 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was Kinesiology & Exercise Science with 212 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,551 degrees awarded
  2. 249 degrees awarded
  3. 216 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (221740) with 2,551 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,119 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN, which is 0.568 times less than the 1,970 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 2,224 degrees mean that there were 6.19 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 359 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,992) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,856) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,400) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.35% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.28% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (26k), Some college (25.4k), and Bachelors Degree (15.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was $192,700 in 2022, which is 0.684 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $162,600 to $192,700, a 18.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN is 48.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN have an average commute time of 18.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN is $51,402. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was Williamson County--Brentwood & Franklin cities, Nolensville town (west) PUMA, TN with a value of $127,269, followed by Williamson County--Thompson Station town & Fairview city PUMA, TN and Shelby County (Southeast)--Collierville town & Germantown city PUMA, TN, with respective values of $123,165 and $116,819.

Property

$192,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,764
$24,304
Median Property Taxes
±$1,226

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.6%
Homeownership
2022
65.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.6% of the housing units in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was Williamson County--Brentwood & Franklin cities, Nolensville town (west) PUMA, TN with a value of $127,269, followed by Williamson County--Thompson Station town & Fairview city PUMA, TN and Shelby County (Southeast)--Collierville town & Germantown city PUMA, TN, with respective values of $123,165 and $116,819.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,402
Median Household Income
± $1,914
50k
Number of Households
± 1,819

In 2022, the median household income of the 50k households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN grew to $51,402 from the previous year's value of $44,071.

The following chart displays the households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN
0.473
2021 Wage GINI in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN

In 2022, the income inequality in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.43% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (72%)
  2. Carpooled (10.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (10.2%)

In 2022, 72% of workers in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.9%) and those who worked at home (10.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN have a shorter commute time (18.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.04% of the workforce in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN (25.1k out of 117k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females < 5 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

84.7% of the population of Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN has health coverage, with 37.8% on employee plans, 22.4% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.36% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see 1401 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1396 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1794 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 594 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
1,401 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Tennessee

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,401 patients per year. This represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1,396 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.7% under 18 years, 25.1% between 18 and 34 years, 35.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.2% were men and 53.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

15.3%
Uninsured
37.8%
Employer Coverage
22.4%
Medicaid
11.2%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
1.36%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN grew by 0.914% from 15.1% to 15.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Chattanooga city (South & Central) PUMA, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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