Fresno, CA

Census Place

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2022 Population
541,528
0.529% 1-year growth
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
32.1
1.26% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
22.1%
3.55% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$63,001
10.1% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$321,800
17.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
229,470
1.73% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Fresno, CA had a population of 542k people with a median age of 32.1 and a median household income of $63,001. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Fresno, CA grew from 538,678 to 541,528, a 0.529% increase and its median household income grew from $57,211 to $63,001, a 10.1% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fresno, CA are White (Non-Hispanic) (25.4%), White (Hispanic) (18.9%), Two+ (Hispanic) (15.3%), Other (Hispanic) (14.6%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (13.7%).

None of the households in Fresno, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

91.1% of the residents in Fresno, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno, CA are California State University-Fresno (110556) (6,079 degrees awarded in 2022), Fresno City College (3,885 degrees), and Clovis Community College (489201) (2,432 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Fresno, CA was $321,800, and the homeownership rate was 48.1%.

Most people in Fresno, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno, CA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Fresno, CA

Population & Diversity

Fresno, CA is home to a population of 542k people, from which 91.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 18.9% of Fresno, CA residents were born outside of the country (102k people).

In 2022, there were 1.34 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (137k people) in Fresno, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 102k White (Hispanic) and 82.7k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

91.1%
2022 Citizenship
91%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 91.1% of Fresno, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno, CA was 91%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fresno, CA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    137k ± 3.35k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    102k ± 4.23k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    82.7k ± 4.97k
50.5%
Hispanic Population
273k people

In 2022, there were 1.34 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (137k people) in Fresno, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 102k White (Hispanic) and 82.7k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

50.5% of the people in Fresno, CA are hispanic (273k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fresno, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,899,021 ± 46,015 people
  2. Philippines
    824,230 ± 22,055 people
  3. China
    685,370 ± 20,148 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 3,899,021 California residents, followed by Philippines with 824,230 and China with 685,370.

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Foreign-Born Population

18.9%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
102k people
19%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
102k people

As of 2022, 18.9% of Fresno, CA residents (102k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno, CA was 19%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    5,868 ± 585
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,424 ± 513
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,491 ± 467

Fresno, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Fresno, CA employs 229k people. The largest industries in Fresno, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (37,577 people), Retail Trade (24,646 people), and Educational Services (21,061 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($105,553), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,677), and Information ($57,286).

Males in California have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $75,777. The income inequality in California (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

229k
2022 Value
± 4,258
1.73%
1 Year growth
± 2.53%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 1.73%, from 226k employees to 229k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,602 people), Sales & Related Occupations (22,004 people), and Management Occupations (19,240 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

229k
2022 Value
± 4,258
1.73%
1 Year growth
± 2.53%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 1.73%, from 226k employees to 229k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (37,577 people), Retail Trade (24,646 people), and Educational Services (21,061 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,235
Median earning men ± $1,065
$34,439
Median earning women ± $844

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($65,730), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($57,828), and Information ($56,743).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($57,897), Public Administration ($49,302), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,757).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Fresno, CA awarded 14,604 degrees. The student population of Fresno, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 24,489 male students and 35,208 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno, CA are Hispanic or Latino (7,513 and 52.6%), followed by White (3,295 and 23.1%), Asian (1,707 and 12%), and Unknown (770 and 5.39%).

The largest universities in Fresno, CA by number of degrees awarded are California State University-Fresno (110556) (6,079 and 41.6%), Fresno City College (3,885 and 26.6%), and Clovis Community College (489201) (2,432 and 16.7%).

The most popular majors in Fresno, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,238 and 15.3%), General Business Administration & Management (1,171 and 8.02%), and General Psychology (928 and 6.35%).

The median tuition costs in Fresno, CA are $10,200 for private four year colleges, and $5,742 and $17,622 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Fresno, CA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 94.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 59,697 (41% men and 59% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 59,697 students enrolled in Fresno, CA, 41% men and 59% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 35,155 records, of which 60.4% were women and 39.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 529 degrees awarded
  2. 710 degrees awarded
  3. 586 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fresno, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 529 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fresno, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 6,079 degrees awarded
  2. 3,885 degrees awarded
  3. 2,432 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was California State University-Fresno (110556) with 6,079 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 5,103 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fresno, CA, which is 0.537 times less than the 9,501 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 7,513 degrees mean that there were 2.28 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 3,295 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($10,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($921) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,971) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Measure

In 2022, 2.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.26% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Some college (6.9M), High School or Equivalent (6.8M), and Bachelors Degree (6.36M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno, CA was $321,800 in 2022, which is 1.14 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $273,900 to $321,800, a 17.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno, CA is 48.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Fresno, CA have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fresno, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fresno, CA is $63,001. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Fresno, CA was Census Tract 44.05 with a value of $139,556, followed by Census Tract 55.05 and Census Tract 43.02, with respective values of $130,774 and $129,297.

Property

$321,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,819
$85,485
Median Property Taxes
±$2,274

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fresno, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.1%
Homeownership
2022
71.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.1% of the housing units in Fresno, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fresno, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 44.05
  2. Census Tract 55.05
  3. Census Tract 43.02

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno, CA was Census Tract 44.05 with a value of $139,556, followed by Census Tract 55.05 and Census Tract 43.02, with respective values of $130,774 and $129,297.

The following map shows all of the places in Fresno, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,001
Median Household Income
± $1,395
178k
Number of Households
± 3,479

In 2022, the median household income of the 178k households in Fresno, CA grew to $63,001 from the previous year's value of $57,211.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fresno, CA is from California.
0.498
2022 Wage GINI in California
0.497
2021 Wage GINI in California

In 2022, the income inequality in California was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.3%)
  2. Carpooled (11.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.81%)

In 2022, 75.3% of workers in Fresno, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.2%) and those who worked at home (8.81%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno, CA have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.91% of the workforce in Fresno, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno, CA (118k out of 532k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.2% of the population of Fresno, CA has health coverage, with 36.7% on employee plans, 36.5% on Medicaid, 6.93% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Fresno County, CA see 1446 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.15% decrease from the previous year (1493 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1594 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 238 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Fresno County, CA.
1,446 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Fresno County, CA

Primary care physicians in Fresno County, CA see an average of 1,446 patients per year. This represents a 3.15% decrease from the previous year (1,493 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fresno County, CA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 29.7% under 18 years, 25% between 18 and 34 years, 33.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.85%
Uninsured
36.7%
Employer Coverage
36.5%
Medicaid
6.93%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
1.17%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno, CA declined by 1.77% from 6.97% to 6.85%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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