Jackson, MI

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
160,637
0.0796% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.1
0.964% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
12.1%
1.07% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$62,581
8.37% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$166,700
12.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
69,264
1.06% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Jackson, MI had a population of 161k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $62,581. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jackson, MI declined from 160,765 to 160,637, a −0.0796% decrease and its median household income grew from $57,746 to $62,581, a 8.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (83%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.78%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.21%), White (Hispanic) (1.68%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.44%).

None of the households in Jackson, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Jackson, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, MI are Spring Arbor University (987 degrees awarded in 2022) and Jackson College (889 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jackson, MI was $166,700, and the homeownership rate was 74.4%.

Most people in Jackson, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, MI was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jackson, MI is home to a population of 161k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.97% of Jackson, MI residents were born outside of the country (3.16k people).

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (133k people) in Jackson, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
99%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Jackson, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    133k ± 451
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    12.5k ± 559
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    6.76k ± 784
3.81%
Hispanic Population
6.12k people

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (133k people) in Jackson, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.81% of the people in Jackson, MI are hispanic (6.12k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    79,402 ± 6,891 people
  2. India
    76,527 ± 6,766 people
  3. Iraq
    57,451 ± 5,868 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 79,402 Michigan residents, followed by India with 76,527 and Iraq with 57,451.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.97%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.16k people
1.98%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.18k people

As of 2022, 1.97% of Jackson, MI residents (3.16k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, MI was 1.98%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,151 ± 403
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,560 ± 352
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,145 ± 232

Jackson, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jackson, MI employs 69.3k people. The largest industries in Jackson, MI are Manufacturing (13,537 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,295 people), and Retail Trade (6,413 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($110,605), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($68,942), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,032).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,244. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

69.3k
2022 Value
± 1,954
−1.06%
1 Year decline
± 4.03%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson, MI declined at a rate of −1.06%, from 70k employees to 69.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,188 people), Production Occupations (7,307 people), and Management Occupations (7,093 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

69.3k
2022 Value
± 1,954
−1.06%
1 Year decline
± 4.03%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson, MI declined at a rate of −1.06%, from 70k employees to 69.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, MI, are Manufacturing (13,537 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,295 people), and Retail Trade (6,413 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, MI, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,584
Median earning men ± $1,756
$34,493
Median earning women ± $1,441

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($72,929), Public Administration ($70,101), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($57,633).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,670), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($43,824), and Manufacturing ($42,315).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,186
    Manufacturing
  2. 1,169
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. 643
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jackson, MI awarded 1,876 degrees. The student population of Jackson, MI in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,029 male students and 4,611 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, MI are White (1,323 and 70.8%), followed by Unknown (236 and 12.6%), Black or African American (174 and 9.31%), and Hispanic or Latino (57 and 3.05%).

The largest universities in Jackson, MI by number of degrees awarded are Spring Arbor University (987 and 52.6%) and Jackson College (889 and 47.4%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, MI are Nursing Administration (427 and 22.8%), General Business Administration & Management (207 and 11%), and Social Work (177 and 9.43%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson, MI are $31,020 for private four year colleges, and $5,970 and $7,920 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jackson, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 47.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,640 (30.6% men and 69.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 6,640 students enrolled in Jackson, MI, 30.6% men and 69.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,637 records, of which 70.3% were women and 29.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 128 degrees awarded
  2. 120 degrees awarded
  3. 112 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jackson, MI was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 128 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jackson, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 987 degrees awarded
  2. 889 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Spring Arbor University with 987 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 474 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, MI, which is 0.338 times less than the 1,402 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,323 degrees mean that there were 5.61 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 236 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($31,020) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,455) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2022, 0.784% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.801% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.31M), Some college (1.92M), and Bachelors Degree (1.42M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, MI was $166,700 in 2022, which is 0.591 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $148,500 to $166,700, a 12.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson, MI is 74.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jackson, MI have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson, MI is $62,581. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Jackson, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $96,135, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $92,620 and $84,245.

Property

$166,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,478
$46,194
Median Property Taxes
±$1,497

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.4%
Homeownership
2022
62.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.4% of the housing units in Jackson, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $96,135, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $92,620 and $84,245.

The following map shows all of the counties in Jackson, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$62,581
Median Household Income
± $1,580
62.1k
Number of Households
± 1,721

In 2022, the median household income of the 62.1k households in Jackson, MI grew to $62,581 from the previous year's value of $57,746.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, MI is from Michigan.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.468
2021 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2022, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.473% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (81%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.09%)
  3. Carpooled (7.68%)

In 2022, 81% of workers in Jackson, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.09%) and those who carpooled to work (7.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, MI have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in Jackson, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, MI (18.3k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.3% of the population of Jackson, MI has health coverage, with 46.1% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.21% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.7% under 18 years, 19.8% between 18 and 34 years, 37.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.74%
Uninsured
46.1%
Employer Coverage
20.5%
Medicaid
14.4%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
1.21%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, MI grew by 1.68% from 5.65% to 5.74%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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