Madison County, TN

County

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2022 Population
98,644
0.275% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.4
0.261% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.2%
3.12% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$55,280
7.29% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$170,700
14% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
44,897
2.76% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Madison County, TN had a population of 98.6k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $55,280. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Madison County, TN grew from 98,373 to 98,644, a 0.275% increase and its median household income grew from $51,526 to $55,280, a 7.29% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Madison County, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (54.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (37.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.49%), Other (Hispanic) (2.1%), and White (Hispanic) (1.32%).

None of the households in Madison County, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.9% of the residents in Madison County, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison County, TN are Union University (982 degrees awarded in 2022), Jackson State Community College (220400) (665 degrees), and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Jackson (427 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Madison County, TN was $170,700, and the homeownership rate was 62.1%.

Most people in Madison County, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison County, TN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Madison County, TN is home to a population of 98.6k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.38% of Madison County, TN residents were born outside of the country (3.34k people).

In 2022, there were 1.47 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.7k people) in Madison County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.46k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.9%
2022 Citizenship
98.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.9% of Madison County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Madison County, TN was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Madison County, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    53.7k ± 434
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    36.6k ± 495
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.46k ± 468
4.28%
Hispanic Population
4.22k people

In 2022, there were 1.47 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.7k people) in Madison County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.46k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.28% of the people in Madison County, TN are hispanic (4.22k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Madison County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    84,446 ± 7,091 people
  2. India
    23,758 ± 3,778 people
  3. Guatemala
    22,245 ± 3,656 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,446 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 23,758 and Guatemala with 22,245.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.38%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.34k people
3.03%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.98k people

As of 2022, 3.38% of Madison County, TN residents (3.34k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison County, TN was 3.03%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,777 ± 282
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    961 ± 268
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    715 ± 176

Madison County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.85 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Madison County, TN employs 44.9k people. The largest industries in Madison County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,775 people), Manufacturing (7,520 people), and Retail Trade (5,020 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,750), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($58,033), and Finance & Insurance ($56,442).

Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,544. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

44.9k
2022 Value
± 1,763
2.76%
1 Year growth
± 5.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Madison County, TN grew at a rate of 2.76%, from 43.7k employees to 44.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison County, TN, are Production Occupations (4,869 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,742 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,605 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison County, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

44.9k
2022 Value
± 1,763
2.76%
1 Year growth
± 5.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Madison County, TN grew at a rate of 2.76%, from 43.7k employees to 44.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,775 people), Manufacturing (7,520 people), and Retail Trade (5,020 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Madison County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,102
Median earning men ± $3,938
$31,795
Median earning women ± $1,382

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($78,221), Wholesale Trade ($60,357), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,926).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($53,068), Public Administration ($50,208), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,602).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,103
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 738
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 590
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Madison County, TN went to Donald J. Trump with 55.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (42.8%), followed by Other (1.44%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Madison County, TN awarded 2,201 degrees. The student population of Madison County, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 3,962 male students and 5,528 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison County, TN are White (1,378 and 63%), followed by Black or African American (561 and 25.7%), Unknown (75 and 3.43%), and Hispanic or Latino (73 and 3.34%).

The largest universities in Madison County, TN by number of degrees awarded are Union University (982 and 44.6%), Jackson State Community College (220400) (665 and 30.2%), and Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Jackson (427 and 19.4%).

The most popular majors in Madison County, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (363 and 16.5%), Registered Nursing (234 and 10.6%), and General Business Administration & Management (131 and 5.95%).

The median tuition cost in Madison County, TN for private four year colleges is $13,792.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Madison County, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 52.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 9,490 (41.7% men and 58.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 9,490 students enrolled in Madison County, TN, 41.7% men and 58.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,939 records, of which 60.2% were women and 39.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 44 degrees awarded
  2. 35 degrees awarded
  3. 168 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison County, TN was Organizational Leadership with 44 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 982 degrees awarded
  2. 665 degrees awarded
  3. 427 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Union University with 982 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 800 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison County, TN, which is 0.571 times less than the 1,401 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,378 degrees mean that there were 2.46 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 561 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($13,792) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,785) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Measure

In 2022, 0.806% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.744% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.75M), Some college (1.2M), and Bachelors Degree (956k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison County, TN was $170,700 in 2022, which is 0.606 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $149,800 to $170,700, a 14% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison County, TN is 62.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Madison County, TN have an average commute time of 19 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Madison County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Madison County, TN is $55,280. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Madison County, TN was Census Tract 16.10 with a value of $124,315, followed by Census Tract 16.08 and Census Tract 16.09, with respective values of $89,300 and $84,688.

In 2022, 16.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Madison County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.71%.

Property

$170,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,345
$24,344
Median Property Taxes
±$1,179

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Madison County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

62.1%
Homeownership
2022
68.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 62.1% of the housing units in Madison County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 62.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Madison County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 16.10
  2. Census Tract 16.08
  3. Census Tract 16.09

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison County, TN was Census Tract 16.10 with a value of $124,315, followed by Census Tract 16.08 and Census Tract 16.09, with respective values of $89,300 and $84,688.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Madison County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,280
Median Household Income
± $2,973
39.2k
Number of Households
± 1,552

In 2022, the median household income of the 39.2k households in Madison County, TN grew to $55,280 from the previous year's value of $51,526.

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison County, TN is from Tennessee.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.463
2021 Wage GINI in Tennessee

In 2022, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.8%)
  2. Carpooled (10.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.68%)

In 2022, 75.8% of workers in Madison County, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.9%) and those who worked at home (6.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison County, TN have a shorter commute time (19 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.31% of the workforce in Madison County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison County, TN have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 16.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Madison County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.71%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison County, TN (17.2k out of 94.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison County, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 32.3% of the children was living in poverty in Madison County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 5.7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 834 in Madison County, TN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 74.2 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

89.6% of the population of Madison County, TN has health coverage, with 41% on employee plans, 21.7% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.8% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Madison County, TN see 742 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.98% decrease from the previous year (757 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1468 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 350 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.1% were men and 53.9% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

742 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Madison County, TN

Primary care physicians in Madison County, TN see an average of 742 patients per year. This represents a 1.98% decrease from the previous year (757 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Madison County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.1% under 18 years, 21.6% between 18 and 34 years, 37.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 17% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.1% were men and 53.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.4%
Uninsured
41%
Employer Coverage
21.7%
Medicaid
13.3%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
1.8%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison County, TN grew by 0.593% from 10.3% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 77.7 in Madison County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Madison County, TN.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 40.4% in Madison County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Madison County, TN.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.3% in Madison County, TN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Madison County, TN.

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