Springfield, IL

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
208,406
0.333% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.6
0.246% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
12.6%
7.54% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$72,445
8.13% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$163,400
10.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
98,607
0.366% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Springfield, IL had a population of 208k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $72,445. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Springfield, IL declined from 209,102 to 208,406, a −0.333% decrease and its median household income grew from $66,999 to $72,445, a 8.13% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Springfield, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (79.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (11.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.06%), and White (Hispanic) (1.08%).

None of the households in Springfield, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.7% of the residents in Springfield, IL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Springfield, IL are Lincoln Land Community College (1,623 degrees awarded in 2022), Midwest Technical Institute-Illinois (1,210 degrees), and University of Illinois Springfield (1,125 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Springfield, IL was $163,400, and the homeownership rate was 70.6%.

Most people in Springfield, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Springfield, IL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Springfield, IL is home to a population of 208k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.88% of Springfield, IL residents were born outside of the country (6k people).

In 2022, there were 6.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Springfield, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.7%
2022 Citizenship
98.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.7% of Springfield, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Springfield, IL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Springfield, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Springfield, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    166k ± 375
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    24.8k ± 844
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    7.3k ± 918
2.44%
Hispanic Population
5.09k people

In 2022, there were 6.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Springfield, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.44% of the people in Springfield, IL are hispanic (5.09k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Springfield, IL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    622,347 ± 18,890 people
  2. India
    165,336 ± 9,918 people
  3. Poland
    123,006 ± 8,569 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 622,347 Illinois residents, followed by India with 165,336 and Poland with 123,006.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.88%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6k people
2.92%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.11k people

As of 2022, 2.88% of Springfield, IL residents (6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Springfield, IL was 2.92%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Springfield, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,488 ± 373
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,558 ± 321
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,513 ± 244

Springfield, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Springfield, IL employs 98.6k people. The largest industries in Springfield, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,054 people), Public Administration (12,837 people), and Retail Trade (10,013 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($91,250), Utilities ($89,828), and Public Administration ($72,013).

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,581. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

98.6k
2022 Value
± 2,287
−0.366%
1 Year decline
± 3.31%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Springfield, IL declined at a rate of −0.366%, from 99k employees to 98.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Springfield, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,064 people), Management Occupations (10,788 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,562 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Springfield, IL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

98.6k
2022 Value
± 2,287
−0.366%
1 Year decline
± 3.31%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Springfield, IL declined at a rate of −0.366%, from 99k employees to 98.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Springfield, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,054 people), Public Administration (12,837 people), and Retail Trade (10,013 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Springfield, IL, though some of these residents may live in Springfield, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$53,532
Median earning men ± $1,504
$41,614
Median earning women ± $1,258

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($79,807), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($72,466), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($61,044).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($66,556), Wholesale Trade ($52,417), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($51,892).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
2.47%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 2.47% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,793
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,538
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,201
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Illinois went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 57.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (40.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.1%).

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Springfield, IL awarded 4,210 degrees. The student population of Springfield, IL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 4,206 male students and 5,891 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Springfield, IL are White (2,881 and 70.4%), followed by Black or African American (587 and 14.3%), Hispanic or Latino (240 and 5.86%), and Two or More Races (171 and 4.18%).

The largest universities in Springfield, IL by number of degrees awarded are Lincoln Land Community College (1,623 and 38.6%), Midwest Technical Institute-Illinois (1,210 and 28.7%), and University of Illinois Springfield (1,125 and 26.7%).

The most popular majors in Springfield, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (419 and 9.95%), Welding Technology (339 and 8.05%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (289 and 6.86%).

The median tuition costs in Springfield, IL are $23,850 for private four year colleges, and $9,758 and $16,850 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Springfield, IL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 82%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 8.22%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 10,097 (41.7% men and 58.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 10,097 students enrolled in Springfield, IL, 41.7% men and 58.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 6,315 records, of which 58.7% were women and 41.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 263 degrees awarded
  2. 251 degrees awarded
  3. 265 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Springfield, IL was HVAC & Refrigeration Engineering Technology with 263 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Springfield, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,623 degrees awarded
  2. 1,210 degrees awarded
  3. 1,125 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lincoln Land Community College with 1,623 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,887 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Springfield, IL, which is 0.812 times less than the 2,323 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 2,881 degrees mean that there were 4.91 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 587 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($23,850) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,432) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Measure

In 2022, 1.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.01% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.62M), Some college (2.15M), and Bachelors Degree (2.1M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Springfield, IL was $163,400 in 2022, which is 0.58 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $148,000 to $163,400, a 10.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Springfield, IL is 70.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Springfield, IL have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Springfield, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Springfield, IL is $72,445. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Springfield, IL was DuPage County, IL with a value of $107,035, followed by Kendall County, IL and Lake County, IL, with respective values of $106,358 and $104,553.

Property

$163,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,260
$62,920
Median Property Taxes
±$1,625

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Springfield, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Springfield, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.6%
Homeownership
2022
67.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 70.6% of the housing units in Springfield, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Springfield, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Springfield, IL was DuPage County, IL with a value of $107,035, followed by Kendall County, IL and Lake County, IL, with respective values of $106,358 and $104,553.

The following map shows all of the counties in Springfield, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$72,445
Median Household Income
± $2,105
89.1k
Number of Households
± 2,150

In 2022, the median household income of the 89.1k households in Springfield, IL grew to $72,445 from the previous year's value of $66,999.

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Springfield, IL is from Illinois.
0.477
2022 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.478
2021 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2022, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.371% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Illinois was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.79%)
  3. Carpooled (6.33%)

In 2022, 80% of workers in Springfield, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.79%) and those who carpooled to work (6.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Springfield, IL have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.5% of the workforce in Springfield, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Springfield, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Springfield, IL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Springfield, IL (25.8k out of 205k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Springfield, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.2% of the population of Springfield, IL has health coverage, with 53.4% on employee plans, 17% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 1.39% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Illinois see 1231 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.806% decrease from the previous year (1241 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1221 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 372 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
1,231 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Illinois

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,231 patients per year. This represents a 0.806% decrease from the previous year (1,241 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.4% under 18 years, 19.2% between 18 and 34 years, 39.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.77%
Uninsured
53.4%
Employer Coverage
17%
Medicaid
13.6%
Medicare
10.8%
Non-Group
1.39%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Springfield, IL declined by 1.77% from 3.84% to 3.77%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Springfield, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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